Right: Gas-phase IPs of the nucleotide base model compound, 1,9-dimethyguanine.Left: Aqueous conduction band-edge ionization threshold energies for ionization associated with the more weakly bound base and phosphate electrons in the nucleotide, 2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-phosphate(proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 1998).
BS, University of Chicago, 1964
PhD, Harvard University, 1970
Postdoctoral Fellow, Freiburg University, Germany, 1970-71
Postdoctoral Fellow, California Institute of Technology and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1971-73
CNRS Fellow, University Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France, 1980